The settlement pattern of the region is sparse. There are population clusters in the Upper Mitchell Catchment and along the Gulf of Carpentaria Coastline, with a dispersed network of small, remote townships in the Gulf plains and the Einasleigh Uplands. About 50% of the region’s population falls within the Mareeba Shire, a further 22% in the Carpentaria, Kowanyama, Etheridge and Croydon Shires accounting for 12% combined, and the remaining 4% in Cook Shire.


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